Let's Get Organized
Through her work at a residential therapeutic drug community, Suzanne saw that many clients lacked basic skills that would be necessary for successful drug-free lives after discharge. Difficulties managing daily routines, keeping appointments and setting priorities often led to loss of services or employment, suspension from school, or legal and other social problems. In many situations, these difficulties served as catalysts for clients in a downward spiral in their medical and psychiatric conditions.
Using occupational therapy theory, Suzanne developed a modular group program consisting of two one-hour sessions per week for a period of 10 weeks. She named the program, “Occupational Therapy: Let’s Get Organized”. Clients enjoyed the group sessions and reported that they were able to use their new calendar and recording skills in real-life activities.
“What I like about it is that you learn about how to manage your job like going to an appointment on time or how you live your life. It gets your ready when you don’t want to act like a child anymore and just manage your time.”
What I like about it is that you learn about how to manage your job like going to an appointment on time or how you live your life.
It gets you ready when you don’t want to act like a child anymore and just manage your time.
Other professional staff noticed observable improvements in clients’ keeping track of time and appointments, becoming organized, and following through with their individual responsibilities.
This cognitively-based time management and organizational program for people with co-occurring disorders is now being used at Palladia Inc. in the Bronx, NY, and at John Hopkins in Maryland in their program, Broadway Center for Addiction, in addition to numerous occupational therapy clinics in Sweden. Over the past two years, Suzanne has presented this program to state and national audiences and at international conferences.
Health Care Innovation Exchange, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
Occupational Therapy in Mental Health
Assessment of Time Management Skills
(ATMS): A Practice-Based Outcome Questionnaire
To cite this article:
Suzanne M. White, Anne Riley & Peter Flom (2013) Assessment of Time Management Skills (ATMS): A Practice-Based Outcome Questionnaire, Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, 29:3, 215-231
To link to this article:
This study assessed test–retest reliability and internal consistency of the Assessment of Time Management Skills (ATMS), a self-report questionnaire designed to assess awareness and use time management strategies to plan and manage daily life tasks. Participants included 18 to 65 year-old people (N = 241) from the general population. The questionnaire's content validity was established. The tool demonstrated good internal consistency (α = 0.86). Test–retest reliability for the score revealed a Pearson Coefficient of Correlation (PCC) r = 0.89. The ATMS may be a useful tool for evaluating the effectiveness of rehabilitation designed to improve time management skills.
KEYWORDS time management, co-occurring disorders, severe mental illness, substance-related disorders, reproducibility of results
OT Cognitive Adaptation: An Intervention in Time Management for
Persons With Co-Occurring Conditions
Suzanne White, Stacey-Anne Meade, and Lori Hadar
Providing practical skills for everyday living can have far-reaching effects on clients' lives. The prevalence of individuals with co-occurring mental disorders and substance abuse disorders is remarkably high. In 2002, 17.5 million adults age 18 and older (8%) were estimated to have serious mental illness. Of these, 4 million (23%) were also dependent on or abused alcohol or an illicit drug. These individuals with co-occurring mental disorders and substance abuse disorders often exhibit cognitive impairments that have a negative impact on their ability to function in many areas of daily activity, including organizational skills and time management. Yet despite the high rate of co-occurring conditions, few interventions exist that address the cognitive needs of this population.
For individuals with co-occurring mental disorders and substance abuse disorders, interventions that focus on cognitive adaptation strategies may help to create more satisfying life patterns. The Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (Framework) states, "Engagement in occupation to support participation in context is the focus and targeted end objective of occupational therapy intervention"
Performance patterns, as defined in the Framework, refer to habits, routines, and roles that are adopted by an individual as he or she carries out occupational or daily life activities. Time management and organization are useful habits that support performance in daily life and contribute to life satisfaction.
White, S.M., Meade, S.A, Hadar, L. (2007, June 25). OT cognitive adaptation: an intervention in time management for persons with co-occurring conditions. OT Practice, 9-14.
Let's Get Organized: An Intervention for Persons With Co-occurring Disorders
Suzanne White, M.A., O.T.R.
Psychiatric Services 2007; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.58.5.713
Clean Sweep: Clientsas Role Models to Teach Organizational Skills
PSYCHIATRIC SERVICES ps.psychiatryonline.org November 2014 Vol. 65 No. 11
In Fälun on September 24 & 25 2014, Dr. Janeslätt and Professor White, trained new team leaders to expand the program to adult physical rehabilitation and outpatient psychiatry facilities. These twenty-one participants from Dalarna, Gävleborg, Uppsala, Örebro and Linköping will pilot the next phase of the research as LGO group leaders or as the program is know in Swedish as Håll Koll på Tiden.